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“The moment Bitcoin is identified as a currency, it will legally disappear” – said Vienna stock exchange chief Boschan




Christoph Boschan is unlikely to become a convinced Bitcoin investor anytime soon. Most recently, the head of the Vienna Stock Exchange compared the Bitcoin hype with the tulip mania and attested a crash as soon as BTC was regulated as a currency or financial instrument. In an interview with BTC-ECHO, Boschan wants to clarify the question: Is there a threat of an exchange rate collapse?

In an interview with Die Presse , Christoph Boschan hit a low blow a few days ago: Bitcoin is “vastly inferior to any alternative course of action” and shows similarities with “the tulip mania”. He rounded off the criticism with the ironic formulation that Bitcoin was after all “extremely important for criminal payments”. The criticism again made waves in the crypto space. However, if the statements are straightened out a bit, an existing basic Bitcoin problem becomes apparent.

Bitcoin: a matter of regulation

Opinions are divided on Bitcoin, not only among investors but also among regulators. There is still no common European legislation that creates a binding framework for crypto values. Crypto regulation is a country issue. The EU Regulation on  Markets in Crypto Assets  (MiCA) is still in draft status .

Germany, on the other hand, has a special role in European comparison. Since 2020, crypto values, including Bitcoin, have been included as financial instruments in the German Banking Act . In contrast to the MiCA draft, which provides for a separate division of tokens, e-money tokens, utility tokens and other crypto values, German legislation tries to create a uniform framework.

In Austria, however, Bitcoin is classified neither as a currency nor a financial instrument, but as a property right. This is “the great stroke of luck for Bitcoin” and “ultimately an expression of our liberal economic order”, as Christoph Boschan explains

Bitcoin is currently classified as a property right rather than a currency or financial instrument. It cannot be otherwise, because if it were classified as a currency its existence would simply not be permitted, its issuance and use would be forbidden and prosecuted in many cases – Articles 16 and 128 of our EU treaty only give the ECB the right to issue a currency.

Christoph Boschan

According to the CEO of the Vienna Stock Exchange, the regulatory status can be reduced to the following formula: “The moment BTC is identified as a currency, it disappears legally”. A supposedly sensational thesis that may lure crypto enthusiasts out of the reserve, but according to Boschan only reflects the “current legal situation”. After all, Bitcoin cannot be classified as a currency, since the “house right” for the issue of currencies lies with the EU.

Ripple precedent

According to Boschan, the same applies “to regulation as a financial instrument”. Finally, the example of Ripple shows “what it means to be viewed as a financial instrument”. In December last year, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) declared the Ripple currency XRP a security token, which resulted in a legal dispute with the Californian FinTech.

But this example shows that the legal situation for the token economy is anything but clear. Contrary to the attitude of the SEC, XRP is not classified as a security in other jurisdictions, but as a utility token. In addition, it is unclear whether the SEC is right with its move. Ultimately, the competent courts will decide on the regulatory status. The precedent Ripple shows: crypto assets and regulation are still in the discovery phase.

Bitcoin regulation shows gaps

The blanket criticism that the Vienna Stock Exchange boss unloads representative of supposedly Bitcoin-skeptical stock exchange representatives may be understandable from a crypto investor’s point of view, but it is not more correct. Statements such as: “If you regulate Bitcoin like a currency or a financial instrument, then it is no longer worth anything”, should be understood less as a rejection or attack on Bitcoin and the financial infrastructure behind it, and rather as a pointer to a lack of regulations.

As a manager, however, I can conclude with astonishment that the BTC industry is looking for such proximity to “currencies” or “financial instruments” and that this is the basis for sales. This is not strategically smart, but rather toxic, because the other way around it becomes a shoe, both – both the identification as a currency and as a financial instrument – are the greatest Achilles heels of the value of Bitcoin.

Christoph Boschan

Ultimately, however, it depends on the design of the legal framework. After all, Bitcoin is classified as a financial instrument in Germany, but it has not lost its value.

A common misconception?

A few friends from the crypto environment are likely to have Boschan also made the statement that Bitcoin is a vehicle for illegal purposes. According to Boschan, this view is derived from “very simple observation from the reality of life”. Whenever the Vienna Stock Exchange is exposed to blackmailing cyberattacks, “the payment requests come exclusively in BTC, […] not in euros, not in dollars, not in yen, not in gold, not in stocks, bonds or other derivatives, all of which are digital would be even smoother ”.

Obviously, the criminals use the most obvious instrument for them.

Christoph Boschan

As is so often the case, the devil is in the details. Wanting to push Bitcoin and Co. into the corner of a shadow currency, which is primarily used by criminals, belongs in the realm of fables . As the blockchain analysis company Chainalysis outlines in the current 2021 Crime Report , only a small fraction of 0.34 percent of all crypto transactions were for illegal purposes in 2020. Compared to the previous year, the criminal crypto cash flows have decreased by almost 2 percent, “the crime related to cryptocurrencies has decreased significantly in 2020”.

However, what is generally true of illegal crypto transactions is not particularly true of ransomware attacks. According to the report, “the total amount paid by ransomware victims has increased by 311 percent this year”. Accordingly, “no other category of cryptocurrency-based crime has had a higher growth rate”. According to Chainalysis, 2020 is not only the Covid year, but also “the year ransomware exploded”.

Bitcoin economy wins through exchange

In this light, Boschan’s remarks seem to be a very sober confirmation of the increase in ransomware identified by Chainalysis. So the Vienna Stock Exchange CEO finally defends himself against the attempt to put him “across the board in the anti-crypto corner”. Because the opposite is ultimately the case:

As an infrastructure provider whose foundation is databases, we are extremely attentive and very open-minded about developments relating to distributed database infrastructures. We have dozens of initiatives behind us and we certainly share the fascination that can trigger.

Christoph Boschan

Against this background, the Bitcoin-critical tones are already losing their explosive power. Boschan’s statements can certainly be read as a call to action to embed the crypto market in clear regulations. Ultimately, this creates the basis for sustainable growth in the industry, on which a wide variety of service providers are based. In the long term, the Bitcoin economy can only benefit from an unbiased discourse with traditional financial market players.


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Crypto Veterans Shed Light on CBDC and Stablecoins Including TUSD, Endorsing Competition in Money Market




The renowned documentary series “The Future is Now” has recently shifted its focus to the blockchain industry. The team produced its first-ever crypto-related documentary titled “Aligning the Future,” shedding light on the development of Bitcoin and other digital currencies across the globe.

The show stars H.E. Justin Sun, TRON founder and the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Grenada to the WTO, congressman William Soriano from El Salvador, and many other respected crypto leaders, who shared their insights on the future of crypto.

H.E. Justin Sun, TRON founder and the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Grenada to the WTO

“Eventually we will have three kinds of nations. One kind of nation will still use traditional fiat, but some countries will start to evolve into CBDCs, doing central bank digital currencies. But we will also see some countries like El Salvador and Caribbean countries in the future that might adopt Bitcoin or cryptocurrency as their legal tender or financial settlement infrastructure.” said H.E. Justin Sun when asked about his view of CBDCs (central bank digital currencies) across the globe.

He also added that as a believer in Hayek’s theory, he has faith in a currency market that is open to entire competition and embraces all types of currencies. Meanwhile, as a veteran in digital currency, Sun believes that CBDCs can be listed on blockchains, including Ethereum and TRON, in the way that stablecoins such as USDT, TUSD, and USDC are listed, which will undoubtedly bring the growth of the crypto industry to the next level. He also pointed out that many underprivileged people are still denied access to traditional financial services. The elimination of the threshold to financial infrastructure will benefit the whole world’s population. Blockchains, including TRON, have already provided a relatively affordable and accessible gateway to financial services and are capable of bringing more convenience to users.

Stats about TRON’s stablecoin infrastructures

Another leader who holds the same view as Sun is William Soriano, congressman of El Salvador, who quoted local facts to prove his point. El Salvador is the first country that announced plans to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender, a seemingly unconventional move backed by ample reasons. 

William Soriano, Congressman of El Salvador

As a prominent advocate for Bitcoin and blockchain, Soriano said only 30% of all Salvadorians, or roughly 1.2 million people, have access to a bank account. In contrast, 3.8 million of them now have access to a digital wallet, i.e., 80% of the population has already been financially included, a feat on its own.

Salvadorians using digital currencies can save on wire transfer fees typically required by traditional banking systems for international money transfers. This is due to the unique operation mechanism of digital currencies, where blockchain technology is being utilized for clearing and settlement. As it stands, blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies are helping more and more Salvadorians access financial resources and are surely gaining nationwide recognition. However, value stability is still a problem that Bitcoin faces due to its volatile prices.

In light of this, recent attention has been focused on such solutions that both enjoy the benefits of blockchain technology while withstanding price volatility. Stablecoins, as previously mentioned by H.E. Justin Sun, are digital currencies deployed on the blockchain and pegged to the U.S. dollar, lowering the entry barrier to financial inclusion while offering a solution to volatility.  

Although stablecoins such as USDT and USDC might enjoy higher popularity at the moment, TUSD is arguably the best-performing and most reliable. Furthermore, as the only stablecoin attested live on-chain and audited in real-time by the renowned Armanino, TUSD prioritizes industry-leading security and transparency.

In March 2021, TUSD became the first native U.S. dollar-pegged stablecoin on Avalanche. One month later, it went live on TRON, becoming the second U.S. dollar-pegged stablecoin natively launched on TRON following the stablecoin frontrunner USDT.

In addition, TUSD has been an early mover in multi-chain deployment, now supported by a succession of blockchains that include BNB Chain, Fantom, Polygon, and Cronos, receiving industry-wide endorsement. Currently, the total supply of TUSD has surged past 1.4 billion, ranking fourth among its peers.

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Pyramid Pad Announces Upcoming Token Airdrop




Pyramid Pad Announces Upcoming Token Airdrop

Pyramid Pad, a multi-tool project running on BNB Chain, announced an imminent airdrop for its token, $PYRA. The event will take start on April 9 and end on May 23. Also, it should kick-start the project’s growth and increase awareness.

During the PYRA airdrop, every participant will get 1,800 PYRA for joining and another 200 tokens for each referral. Also, the price of 1 PYRA will be 0,014 USD. To join the airdrop, interested members have to complete the following tasks:

  1. Join the Pyramid Pad Telegram channel and submit their usernames.
  2. Subscribe to the project’s YouTube channel
  3. Join the Pyramid Pad Telegram official chat.
  4. Follow Pyramid Pad on Twitter.
  5. Join the project’s Discord channel.
  6. Submit their information details.

PYRA is a BEP-20 token with numerous functions within the Pyramid Pad ecosystem, including staking and farming. It has a total supply of 1,000,000,000 units. The platform will airdrop 5,000,000 (5%) of it during the upcoming event. PYRA holders can use their tokens on any of the Pyramid Pad features, such as:

  • Pyramid Launchpad – A multi-blockchain supported platform where users can launch their coins and raise funds for their projects.
  • Pyramid Staking – A proof-of-stake platform running on BNB Chain and enabling users to earn a passive income from staking.
  • Pyramid Swap – A service that enables users to swap tokens from their Private Key Wallet or Trading Account. The former provides the benefit of non-custodial, on-chain settlement. Meanwhile, the latter offers faster settlement and no network fees.
  • Pyramid NFT Marketplace – This feature allows users to create, manage, buy, sell, and exchange NFTs. 

About Pyramid Pad

Pyramid Pad is an all-in-one, multi-feature project offering numerous DeFi tools and solutions. It runs on BNB Chain and aims to become a far-reaching ecosystem supporting IDO launches, staking, and an NFT marketplace. The platform launched in Q3 of 2021 and, since then, has developed its concept, tokenomics, and struck several strategic partnerships. Recently, Pyramid Pad has obtained a successful smart contract audit from the industry-leading auditor, Solidproof.

For more information about Pyramid Pad, please follow the links below:| Website | Twitter | Telegram |Whitepaper| YouTube| Discord|

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A hands-on experience on some of the most popular smart contract platforms




In 2021, many smart contract platforms competed for users’ attention and attempted to be the next Ethereum killer. The terms DeFi, GameFi, and NFT, have been all over the media lately, and any of these would not be possible without smart contracts. As more smart contract platforms are introduced, it becomes hard for newcomers to choose which is right for them. This article will examine some of the most popular smart contract platforms and share our hands-on experience with them.


Token: ETH

TPS: 10

Ethereum is the world’s first smart contract platform. Developers create decentralized applications (dApps) on the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) with an object-oriented programming language called solidity. Users can interact with dApps that operate autonomously. Since Ethereum is the first smart-contract-enabled blockchain platform, it has a lot of active developers and has the most Total Value Locked (TVL) in DeFi as far as blockchains are concerned. However, despite being the most popular smart contract platform, it still has a few downsides that make us try to stay away from it when possible. One drawback is the slow transaction speed since Ethereum can only process around 10 transactions per second (TPS). The other problem is the hefty transaction fee it charges when the network is busy, in which the fee may sometimes cost more than the transaction per se.

Binance Smart Chain

Token: BNB

TPS: 60

Binance Smart Chain (BSC) is a smart contract blockchain that is fully compatible with the EVM, so developers can leverage existing tools to write dApps without having to learn an entirely new language. In addition, the increase in transaction speed compared to Ethereum is welcoming. BSC started to gain traction earlier last year, it forked a lot of Ethereum projects that bootstrapped the entire ecosystem, and in the latter part of last year, we see GameFi booms on BSC. One most notable concern that many community members have is the centralization of the Binance chain since Binance is a centralized exchange, and most of its validators are connected to Binance. Nonetheless, BSC has a unique and strategic position in the entire crypto ecosystem.


Token: AVAX

TPS: 4,500

Avalanche is an open-source platform for launching DeFi applications and enterprise blockchain deployments in one interoperable, highly scalable ecosystem. Avalanche is the first smart contract platform that confirms transactions in under one second with finality on every block. It provides a new consensus mechanism with an adaptable platform optimized for enterprise adoption and developer needs while solving the challenging problems of scaling and security. The AVAX rush incentive plan also ignited the whole Avalanche ecosystem last year, with large price swings in the latter half of the year. We miss the low transaction fees that Avalanche offered at the very start. Another concern we have is their failure to keep up to date with various promises such as burning the foundation’s staking rewards and the introduction of feeless transactions. If Avalanche could significantly reduce its fees and improve communication while keeping its promises, it’s still a smart contract platform worth keeping an eye on.


Token: SOL

TPS: 2,000

Solana is a high-performance open-source blockchain. It provides a platform for dApps and next-generation protocols. With its Proof of History (PoH) consensus mechanism, the Solana blockchain allows for breakneck transaction speeds, claiming to scale to over 50,000 TPS on an open network, which is said to be possible due to Solana’s novel approach.This deterministic checkpointing mechanism that is used in place of synchronous consensus. However, Solana’s actual TPS is around 2,000, with more than 3/4 of these transactions being vote transactions. The seemingly inflated TPS widely promoted to the public might reflect the questionable design of the Solana platform. Even though it was once regarded as a crypto rising star, with its six blockchain outages happening in the last month alone, Solana is facing fundamental questions about its network stability, as well as the ability to maintain itself as a Wall Street darling.


Token: TRX

TPS: 2,000

TRON is an innovative open-source blockchain that focuses on providing a cost-effective settlement solution with the ultimate goal of decentralizing the internet. The high level of scalability offered by the system and its mandate for low costs are attractive propositions for those considering taking their first step into the crypto world. Since last April, the amount of Tether USDT on TRON has surpassed Ethereum to become the No.1 worldwide. TRON became the preferred blockchain for many when transferring and converting stablecoins because of its low fees. The TRON network’s increasing dApps and NFT projects also attracted many new users from other blockchains. However, we noticed that newcomers sometimes brought up the concept of bandwidth and energy on the TRON network. Although understanding bandwidth and energy is not necessary to make a transaction, users should be encouraged to look into them as utilizing these resources by staking a certain amount of TRX would enable one to send transactions or interact with smart contracts for free.

Throughout last year, we saw many smart contract platforms rising to compete with Ethereum, and each of them has its pros and cons. There is an incredibly increasing demand for a good smart contract platform, and every platform will eventually have its place in the ecosystem. Investors, users, and developers should take a closer look at each of these blockchains and pick the one that matches their needs best.

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