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Ethereum surpassed Visa in 2021 concerning the sums traded.




Ethereum has a high usage rate and a high fee structure, and the implementation of EIP-1559 has resolved some issues. In 2021 Ethereum Surpassed Visa concerning the sums traded on the network.

A detailed analysis of Ethereum in 2021 by Josh Stark points out that the second-largest cryptocurrency in the world has overtaken Visa in terms of value transacted. 

Last year alone, the Ethereum network handled the equivalent of $11.6 trillion in transactions.

In addition to this information, the article also provides data on the total fees paid on different blockchains, including Bitcoin. 

It also analyzes the arrival of second-layer solutions and the arrival of different players in the sector.

Finally, it is also possible to find detailed information about the ratio between emission and burning of ETH after the introduction of EIP-1559.

Ethereum surpassed Visa

The sums traded by Bitcoin and Ethereum are perhaps the most unexpected facts uncovered in this research.

While Visa transacted a total of 10.4 trillion dollars in 2021, Bitcoin moved US$ 4.6 trillion, passing PayPal. 

Ethereum managed to double the volume of BTC and surpass Visa after closing the year with a volume of transactions equivalent to 11.6 trillion dollars.

Ethereum has a high usage rate as well as a high fee structure and the implementation of EIP-1559 has resolved some issues. In 2021 Ethereum Surpassed Visa concerning the sums trades on the network.

Although it seems that Bitcoin is losing this fight, it is worth remembering that most transactions on Ethereum involve tokens, fungible or not. That is, both have their merits here.

High Usage and High Fees on Ethereum Network

As most blockchains work as an auction system, where transactions with higher fees are accepted first, it is no surprise to find expensive fees when networks are overloaded.

With the explosion of DeFi, NFT, play-to-earn gaming sectors, scalability has been Ethereum’s weak point ever since. In other words, he could be a lot bigger if his rates were cheaper.

The chart below compares some payment solutions’ total fees paid in 2021.

Ethereum has a high usage rate as well as a high fee structure and the implementation of EIP-1559 has resolved some issues. In 2021 Ethereum Surpassed Visa concerning the sums trades on the network.

While a 10-fold difference between ETH and BTC draws attention, Visa’s $24 billion is the focus. After all, this profit belongs to the company. In cryptocurrencies, this profit goes to the miners.

Second layer solutions

Because of the scalability mentioned above, the latter half of 2021 was defined by second-tier solutions on Ethereum. Escaping high fees is the main reason.

Ethereum has a high usage rate as well as a high fee structure and the implementation of EIP-1559 has resolved some issues. In 2021 Ethereum Surpassed Visa concerning the sums trades on the network.

The article highlights that Ethereum validated around 1.2 million transactions per day and that the arrival of these second-tier solutions is managing to increase this number, which is currently at its limit.

The Growth in use cases of Cryptocurrency

Another important observation from Stark’s Ethereum 2021 retrospective is the expansion of cryptocurrency use cases, mainly linked to Ethereum itself.

While until the year 2020, the vast majority of people who lived off cryptocurrencies were investors, developers, and companies. The expansion of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) attracted other professionals to this universe.

For example, artists selling their artwork on NFT are often used by athletes such as Stephen Curry, which also has strong ties to Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies. Currently, he is a partner in one of the largest exchanges in the world and collects NFTs.

Ethereum has a high usage rate as well as a high fee structure and the implementation of EIP-1559 has resolved some issues. In 2021 Ethereum Surpassed Visa concerning the sums trades on the network.

Stark compares revenue between Ethereum and other services used by artists such as Spotify and YouTube Music in the chart above. Pointing out the potential of blockchain, still little explored.

The Ethereum burns with the EIP-1559.

Finally, the report highlights Ethereum’s economic shift in August through EIP-1559. With it, part of the transaction fees began to be burned, reducing the total supply of ETH.

Ethereum has a high usage rate as well as a high fee structure and the implementation of EIP-1559 has resolved some issues. In 2021 Ethereum Surpassed Visa concerning the sums trades on the network.

With a reward of 2 ETH per block, generated every ~15 seconds, Ethereum would have inflation of around 11,520 ethers per day. In November, the network burned its one-millionth ETH.

Despite this, the amount was lowered once the burn was introduced.

Highlighting the end of October, when Ethereum became a deflationary asset for eight consecutive days, that is, the number of ethers decreased in this period.

Ultimately, this shows that ignoring cryptocurrencies is a mistake. 

Like the director of Microsoft, the most visionary already admit that Ethereum will be the new application store.

On the other hand, Bitcoin gains more space as a store of value with each passing day, and today both are dominant in their areas.

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Web3 Investors from 16 nations converged to witness these 6 Graviton-backed Indian startups make their pitch.

Team Bitcoin Daily



Graviton Web3 Accelerator’s digitally simulcast Demo Day event saw participation from VCs and angels around the world, focused on a cumulative raise of $10Mn for their first cohort. 

Graviton, a web3-focused accelerator for emerging markets backed by global VCs such as Hashkey Capital, Moonrock Capital, NGC Ventures, 369 Capital, Ascensive Assets, Stacker Ventures, MH Ventures, G1 Ventures, Infinity Ventures Crypto (IVC), and GravityX Capital, recently organized its first-ever digitally simulcast Demo Day.

The event saw participation from over 70 global investors from 16 countries, with all eyes converging on what the six teams at Graviton are busy building and scaling. These teams have emerged as outliers from a pool of 300+ startups that had applied to get accelerated through the Graviton ecosystem.

Graviton’s uniquely designed accelerator program arms a limited cohort of promising early-stage web3 founders with a healthy infusion of institutional capital (marked by a seed investment into each team), technical grants and integrations from a vast partner ecosystem, mentorship from proven industry experts to help the teams with business strategy, tech fundamentals, growth marketing, and fundraising, as well as expanded networking opportunities to help them raise serious capital in the long run. 

“While the ongoing ‘bear market’ sentiment fosters a conservative investment mindset around the world for crypto platforms, we at Graviton believe that world-class technology products led by visionary founders are always ahead of the curve, and always lucrative to serious investors”, remarked Arpit Nik (Founder & CEO at Graviton and a General Partner at GravityX Capital). Arpit and team have been hard at work since December last year, to identify India’s strongest founders with a penchant to build for the decentralized web. 

The six teams that emerged frontrunners amidst a plethora of applicants, include:

Spydra – An enterprise grade blockchain solution that is helping large organizations migrate their existing tech stack from web2 to web3, making the transition as frictionless as possible. Led by the seasoned and suave Manish Tewari (with massive previous exits at and Pokkt), Spydra is powering the largest status-quo migration in enterprise tech, since the advent of AWS and cloud-computing. They’re already clocking an annual run rate of $100K in revenue, servicing clients such as Raymond, Myntra, and the National Payments Corporation of India. 

Wall – This team is solving one of the most significant challenges of web3, i.e. community building. Wall helps businesses acquire and take community members through beautifully mapped custom user journeys, helping them claim rewards (such as Airdrop tokens), while completing platform-mandated tasks across multiple touch points (such as Twitter, Telegram, Discord, etc). It offsets the community moderation costs for emerging web3 platforms, and after helping 40+ projects design custom reward pathways, Wall is fast emerging as the go-to community building solution for L1 and L2 ecosystems.  Wall is helmed by Anuj Kumar Kodam (ex IIT Kharagpur, IIM Calcutta, and formerly part of the founder’s office at Ola Cabs). 

Strive – Global opinion on the utility of NFTs is divided, and Strive is here to change that. With a proprietary layer that facilitates the sharing and trading of NFT utilities, the team is expanding the possibilities of what one can do with NFTs today. Using Strive, any business, brand, or artist-led community can monetize their audience and influence with ease. Kartik Mehrotra (ex UC Berkeley) leads the show at Strive Network. 

Zoth – Crypto users of today are struggling to find secure and passive income generating opportunities, despite the total value of crypto finance having breached $1Trillion as of 2022. Pritam Dutta (ex Ab-InBev, Mahindra & Mahindra) and team Zoth are on a mission to democratize global access to affordable capital, through the tokenization of real world assets. They’ve already deployed $500K in capital, and have a little under $10M in their managed assets pipeline. 

Fetcch – The motto and creed at Fetcch is to make web3 payments as simple as Venmo or Paypal. Mandar Ray, CEO at Fetcch, explains that they’re building an abstracted middleware layer that removes the complexities associated with wallet addresses, which in turn is a giant leap towards the mainstream adoption of web3. Recently, the team has opened up beta access to Fetcch Pay, their flagship payments product. 

GG Nation – eSports is booming, and team GG Nation has done a stellar job of capturing the mindshare of student gamers across 250+ Indian colleges in 18 cities. Today, GGNation has more than 200,000 gamers on its roster, with an aim to onboard India’s first million gamers. Abhinandan, the founder and CEO, has a remarkable track record with two of India’s biggest sports IPs, Indian Racing League and Premier Futsal, achieving impressive media value, viewership, and live attendance.

Over the last 16 weeks, these teams have been immersed in interactive workshops with a team of 50+ remarkable mentors – all of whom are established thought leaders in their respective domains. And in exchange for their time and imparted wisdom, Graviton has created a circular rewards model, with each mentor acquiring nominal equity in these teams, proportionate to the time they spend nurturing each product. Arjun Kalsy (ex-Growth lead at Polygon), for instance, has a vested interest in the success of each of these six teams, as one of their growth mentors. The same is true for Parth Chaturvedi of Coinswitch Ventures, Vijay Pravin of bitsCrunch, and many others who have become an integral part of the growth journeys of all 6 teams.

The success of Graviton’s Demo Day is owed largely to the efforts of Program Director Jeffrey Broer, who is a seasoned web3 investor at Mulana Capital, and a highly sought-after blockchain mentor and speaker. 

“Supporting visionary entrepreneurs on their transformative journeys in the web3 realm brings me immense joy. I extend my heartfelt gratitude to the nurturing Graviton ecosystem for promoting an inclusive culture of progress. May the six teams embark on a remarkable path of growth and achievement!”

– Vijay Pravin (CEO, bitsCrunch & Growth Mentor at Graviton)

“All hands aboard is the philosophy that drives us to help startups and founders. We’re glad that this team of web3 disruptors came together at Graviton, and forever indebted to our invaluable mentors, who have helped craft this journey together. With everyone’s hearts set on building sustainably for the decentralized internet, we’re just really excited about what the future holds for the Indian web3 space”

– Vishal Sanap (Head of Portfolio Growth & Development at Graviton)

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Ethereum 2.0 is to be launched with at least 400,000 network validator nodes.




Ethereum 2.0 continues to strengthen its foundations before the leading Ethereum network merges with this new version. In the coming days, it could reach the milestone of 400,000 validators which will verify transactions and ensure the correct functioning of the blockchain. 

396,465 validators deposited their Ethereum (ETH) into the Beacon Chain Smart Contract, the new Network’s original “Beacon Chain.” It means that 3,535 validators are left to reach the 400,000. With the pace of growth over the last week, the new validator milestone can be achieved in 2 to 3 days. 

Ethereum 2.0 reaches this substantial number 18 months after creating the contract to deposit ETH in staking, with which a user acquires the right to be a validator on the Network. 100,000 validators were added in three months, considering that the Network had reached 300,000 in February 2022.

The statistics of the current status of the Network can be consulted on the, further indicating that deposited ETHs amount to 12,686,773. 

It should be noted that all deposits should remain at least until after the merger, as they are locked in the smart contract until that event happens. 

In addition, it is essential to note that the final number includes both those deposited by independent nodes and those in staking pools, which offer the possibility for many people to combine their resources to collaborate with the maintenance of Ethereum 2.0 and get rewards for it.

In just three months, the number of Ethereum 2.0 validators increased by 25%. // Source:

After the merger with the new blockchain, projected by developers for the second half of the year, Ethereum will switch to Proof of Stake (PoS) instead of Proof of Work (PoW).  

It means that the new transactions and new coins will not be mined with graphic board rigs as they have been until now, but with designated validators who will put their funds in collateral for transactions that they approve. If they do not act honestly, validators are penalized and lose their funds.  

Why do you have to deposit ETH to become a validator?

Ethereum Foundation, which brings together the leading developers of the Network, indicates in its blog that the role of the validator is essential. The validators of the new blocks on the Network are incentivized to act honestly to avoid losing their funds in staking. 

The developers of the Network have arbitrarily designated 32 ETH.

With this amount, the ethereum 2 price is equivalent to USD 62,859, the formula determines the number of allowed validating nodes which preserves the efficiency of the Network by reducing the amount of information transmitted between them.

Ethereum 2.0 continues to strengthen its foundations before the leading Ethereum network merges with this new version. In the coming days, it could reach the milestone of 400,000 validators which will verify transactions and ensure the correct functioning of the blockchain. 
Before January 2022, the number of ETH staked on Ethereum 2.0 was less than ten million. Source:

Test networks move towards merging.

While the number of validators grows, Ethereum 2.0 developers “do their homework” and continue to test all stages and circumstances of the merger on test networks.  

On the Ropsten testnet, Ethereum 2.0 has already been released. This same testnet has previously come to an unintentional halt due to an exorbitant hashrate and the lack of a Beacon Chain.

Despite all this progress, the developers decided to postpone the difficulty pump on the Ethereum mainnet for at least two months. 

This stage of the process will be the one that will put a definitive end to mining, a scenario that is getting closer and closer and that has the miners of this Network looking for alternatives between selling their equipment or migrating to another cryptocurrency

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Chainlink and Bitcoin Gold Are Rallying Amid Strong Buyer Demand




The altcoin market has started the weekend with amazing gains, with Chainlink (LINK) regaining its bullish momentum and Bitcoin Gold (BTG) making a double-digit win.

Chainlink Regains Its Bullish Momentum

The price of the Chainlink (LINK) token continues to rise, striving to push its recent two-month high of $30.40. At the time of writing, the token is trading around $28.88, according to data from CoinGecko.

The price jump comes in direct correlation with the rise in its network activity to its recent three-month high. A day before that, Chainlink price feeds went live on the Fantom Opera mainnet, a scalable platform for hosting DeFi apps and enterprise software. All this collectively contributed to its price rise.

At the beginning of the year, Chainlink’s price was at sky-high, amid announcements of multiple new partnerships. The token’s last all-time high was reached on May 10 at $52.88.

Over the past week, the trading volume of LINK has increased by a whopping 71.0%, while the overall circulating supply has increased 0.25% to over 447.51 million. This makes an estimated 44.75% of its max supply, which is 1 billion. The current market cap for LINK stands at 13th, at 12.62 billion.

Bitcoin Gold Making Double-Digit Gains

The price of Bitcoin Gold (BTG) seems to have paid well for investors this year, with a gain of more than 600% since January. At the time of writing, the cryptocurrency is trading at $75.19 after a 15.4% gain in the past 24 hours.

If the bullish momentum continues, BTG could soon reach the resistance of $78 to create a new monthly high. If it slumps, the altcoin could see the lower support level of $74, which could also be retested if investors want another rally.

Bitcoin Gold is a hard fork of the original Bitcoin network that was created to improve efficiency in the mining process. The other major Bitcoin forks are Bitcoin Cash and Litecoin.

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